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| Verghese Kurien
(Architect of Operation Flood)
Verghese Kurien was the father of the India’s “White Revolution”. His real contribution is in empowering the rural masses and initiating constructive social changes. He formed co-operative societies of 160 lakh farmers, who daily deliver 30 lakh tons of milk.
He was the General Manager of a milk co-operative in remote Kaira district of Gujarat.
Kurien’s method was very simple. He didn't try anything himself, only showed the way and put power in the hands of people.
He demonstrated it through promoting the co-operative concept, where small producers got together to process and market their products. He showed the way to use the surplus milk by selling milk power. He aided to build a network of co-operatives in Gujarat and neighbouring Maharashtra. He was the architect of Operation Flood that took the milk revolution to thousands of villages and benefited an estimated 10 million rural families. Kurien deserve most of the credit to Amul, a household name in the world’s largest producer of milk. Truely, he was a patriot and lover of mankind. He was awarded with World Food Award in 1989 and Magasaysay Award in 1963.
He was also awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1991, Padma Bhushan in 1966, and Padma Shri in 1965.
He died on 9th September 2012, after a brief illness in Nadiad, near Anand in Gujarat. He was 90.