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| Salman Rushdie
(A Controversial Writer)
Salman Rushdie the winner of Booker’s Prize of England is among controversial authors in the world. He has been sentenced fatwa in 1989 by spiritual leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini.
Rushdie was born in Bombay to a Kashmiri Muslim family. From his childhood he was inclined to western school of thought. He migrated to Great Britain and married writer Marion Wiggins. After that he became established writer. Rushdie’s tales have raised some very real storms. In 1989 his book ‘Satanic Verses’ created world wide furor in muslim community. A fatva by Iranian leader was issued to execute him for blaspheming the Prophet and announced a reward of $ 2.6 million for killing him. Then Rushdie went into hiding in European country. After the storm of furor was settled to dust, he apologised for his writing and clarified his position that he did not actually meant what was understood.
Some of his well-known works are Midnight’s Children, Rome and The Satanic Verses etc. East-West is a collection of short stories written during hiding and published in 1994.
He has established a holiday resort in Himachal Pradesh for writer to visit and stay during writing work. He called it Writer’s Paradise. In June 2007, Queen Elezabeth II Knighted him for his services to literature. In 2008 The Times ranked him 13th on its list of the fifty greatest British writers since 1945.
Since 2000 Rushdie has lived in the United States, where he has worked at Emroy University and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2012 he published Joseph Anton: A Memoir, an account of his life in the wake of the controversy over The Satanic Verses.