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| Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was a dedicated and committed health personality. She was the great advocater removing ignorance from Indian women, so that the total health of our country would be elevated.
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was born in 1889 in Lucknow. She belonged to royal family. So she was brought up in a healthy environment. According to the wish of her father Raja Harnam Singh, she was sent to England to study in school. Then she went to Paris for college study.
After education when she came to India, she saw Indian freedom struggle movement. She felt the pain and developed sympathy for Indians misery and poverty. Then she came in close contact with Mahatma Gandhi. She served Gandhi as his private secretary for a long time. She also started wearing Khadar clothes. She travelled far and wide in the country with Gandhiji. She felt pain for poverty, ignorance and ill health of Indians. She worked for the education of Indian women. In 1932, she for the first time proposed about women franchise to Lothian Enquiry Committee.
In 1942, she became the member of Health Board, when interim government was formed. But she resigned from Health Board due to arrest of Indian leaders. After Independence Amrit Kaur was selected as Health Secretary and worked hard to remove ignorance of the people. Seeing her dedication for health and up being; she was selected as chairperson to represent India in Paris in World Health Congress.
Amrit Kaur was a writer also. She has written ‘Two women’ and ‘Challenge to women’, which became very famous. Seeing her passion for medical service, the name of General 0. P D. ward of AIIMS, New Delhi and Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur Nursing College in New Delhi has been named after her.
Amrit Kaur was the Health Minister in the Indian Cabinet for ten years after India’s independence from the British Raj in 1947. She was awarded the Rene Sand Memorial Award. She died on 2nd February 1964.