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Great Indians> Ghanshyam Das Birla
| Ghanshyam Das Birla
(Founder of Birla Empire)
Ghanashyanv Das Birla, popularity known as G. D, Birla was one of the builders of modem India. He was a pious business man with a vision. He became a builder of a modem industrial empire and institutions of higher leaning.
In 1894 on an auspicious day of Ram Navmi, he was bom to a pious dampati Raja Baldevdas Birla and Yogeshwari Devi. His education started in Pilani. At the age of nine, he went to Calcutta. He could study only upto class five but had curiosity for knowledge. So he took the path of self-education and became a self made man.
In later years of his life he successfully put up several mills and factories. His sell education on various subjects led him to excellence in life. His wife Durgawati died just four years after marriage, giving birth to a son and leaving G. D in shock and grief. Later on he married pretty and intelligent bride Mahadeviji. She also died, leaving G. D. with children and shock.
He was a capitalist with human soul. He was very much interested in creating more employment and more wealth. At the same time he was a true swadeshi. He was a strong supporter of independence movement. In 1919, the Birla Brothers Limited was formed. Then Birla Brothers ventured into the industries like car manufacturing, machinery, fabrics, cement, jute etc.
He also established many hospitals, educational institutions, temples and planetariums.
He died in London in 1973; leaving his name among the topmost Industrial Houses.
In his honour an award ‘G. D. Birla Award’ for Scientific Research has been established and given every year to young Scientists to encourage for their contributions in the various fields of Scientific Research.
Envisioning infrastuctural development in his hometown, Birla founded the Birla Engineering College (rechristened as Birla Instituted of Technology & Science) in Pilani and Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences in Bhiwani in 1943. Both Colleges have evolved over the years to develope into one of India’s best engineering schools. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1957.
He had also built Laxmi Narayan Temple in New Delhi which is popular as Birla Mandir.